the Ancient Theatres

The ancient theater Demetrias

Website: www.theatreofdemetrias.gr ,http://www.diazoma.gr/gr/Page_04-01_AT-016.asp

The theater of Demetrias constructed simultaneously with the founding of the city (the 294-2 π.Χ.) King of Macedon Demetrius Besieger. For a long time the theater fell into disuse because of the disaster (the last of the second century eikosietia. π.Χ. to probably 79 μ.Χ.) and after a major renovation operation until its final abandonment in the 4th century. μ.Χ., when the prevalence of new socio-politicalBCctures in the city, theADtopped hosting events of public life.

The theater of Demetrias has all the basic features of the Hellenistic theater, namely, the concave, orchestra and stage building.

According to the few architectural fragments that have survived from the entablature of the Hellenistic proscenium theater, was not possible to know the format of the proscenium stage, belonging to one of the architectural phases of the Hellenistic period.

A Hellenistic voukrania cylindrical altar with garlands and was in the middle of the orchestra, while the periphery was rigged and resolutions of the Common Demetrias of magnets, as the great honor of the Joint Resolution of magnets issued to commemorate the Secretary of the participants of the Joint Demetrius Orestes. The area of ​​the theater space was hiding a treasure of silver coins of the Thessalian and magnets, after the mid-first century. BC. during the period the theater was not working.

Finally the Roman mode of theater is a pedestal inscribed in honor of the Emperor Titus, who reigned from 79 as 81 AD. described as New Apollo.

The ancient theater Fthiotides Thebes

Website: http://www.diazoma.gr/gr/Page_04-01_AT-015.asp
The Theatre is Hellenistic Thebes Fthiotides. There is also Roman phase, were as large-scale interventions to transform the theater into an arena. Perhaps there was an earlier phase of the late fourth century. π.X., as implied by the presence of currency, the stratified pottery, and a portion poros column.
Belong to the Hellenistic phase: the tiers of seats from volcanic stone(15), the 8 staircases that separated the main theater 9 stands, the tiled frieze and retaining walls Lane. Τα εδώλια έχουν ύψος 0.33 μ., length 1.40 m. width and 0.60 m.
In the Roman period are: the stage building comprising 4 δωμάτια με υπόγειο, a corridor between them and the scene with a monumental two-story colonnade of columns with Ionic capitals and bases, the scenes, coverage of the perimeter drain of the orchestra, the protective
parapet around the orchestra seats in use b, on which was mounted rails and blinds. To transform the theater into an arena, needed except for protective measures, to widen the band,
which was accomplished by removing a row, μάλλον των προεδρικών. The band was not investigated Hellenistic excavation. At the end of Roman, In the early period, more theater, became a
subsequent construction of a one-room building. With a maximum capacity 3.000 Spectator, Theatre of Thebes Fthiotides,hosted performances of ancient drama, music competitions, and the
Times Roman gladiator fights and thiriomachies.

The position of the ancient theater in the slope of the hill "Castle" to ensure good acoustic mode, combined with the panoramic view of the spectators looked up in the "country" of the city and its port-to Pyraso- στον Παγασητικό κόλπο, and the famous plain Krokio, make the building's aesthetic key witness, prosperity and power of the "brightest city"
Fthiotides of Thebes.

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